Dizziness is a condition that makes people feel like they are about to fall, faint, or lose their balance. Dizziness can come on suddenly, or be present throughout the day of the affected individual. Dizziness is rarely a disorder in itself. It is almost always a symptom of some underlying illness. There are many causes of dizziness. Some common ones are:
- Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo(BPPV)
- Other types of vertigo
- Inner ear issues
- Low blood sugar or hypoglycemia
- A lack of sleep
- A lack of hydration
- Iron deficiency
- Excessive intake of alcohol
- A side effect of certain medications
- An ongoing infection
In order to treat your dizziness, your doctor will focus on treating the underlying cause of the dizziness. For example, if BPPV is causing your dizziness, then they will recommend you some vertigo exercises, some dizziness medications, & some other home remedies for the same. Similarly, if your dizziness is caused by anaemia, an iron deficiency, or any other factor, they will recommend certain supplements & medications for that too. In the case of an infection, they will likely prescribe you antibiotic medications or antiviral medications, depending on the cause of the illness.
As we discussed earlier, dizziness treatment depends on the exact cause of your dizziness. Depending on what is causing your dizziness, your doctor will suggest remedies for the same. The most common dizziness treatments include:
- Dizziness medications
- Dizziness exercises
- Dizziness home remedies
- Vestibular rehabilitation therapy
- Lifestyle changes
- Dietary changes
- Stress management
- Stress reduction
- Surgery, in some cases
Dizziness medications are often very effective in dizziness treatment & management. They help control the frequency & intensity of dizzy spells during the day, as well as take care of any motion sickness, nausea, vomiting, & headaches.
Dizziness medications may be very effective in treating your dizziness symptoms if taken regularly & as directed by your doctor. However, they alone sometimes are not enough to treat a patient’s symptoms. A person might need to indulge in dizziness exercises, make a few dietary & lifestyle changes, & perform some stress reduction activities to get rid of dizziness completely.
This is especially true if the patient has chronic, long-standing dizziness. That said, there are some dizziness medications that can truly help you get some relief from your symptoms. In this article, we will tell you about some of these dizziness medications.
Dizziness medications, most of which are also vertigo medications, help provide momentary relief to a patient during an acute attack phase. They are not supposed to be taken for a long period of time, or for chronic treatment purposes. Dizziness medications should only be used for a short duration of time to stabilize the patient during an acute attack. Used in the long-term, they can actually cause more harm than good as they interfere with the natural healing process of the central nervous system. This leaves you susceptible to frequent dizziness attacks in the future as well.
Used in the short-term, however, they are extremely effective at providing relief to dizziness & vertigo patients. Some of the most commonly prescribed dizziness medications include:
- Stugeron Forte tablet
- Meclizine tablet
- Benzodiazepines, such as lorazepam, clonazepam, & diazepam
- Scopolamine, which can also be used as a skin patch SSRI just like amitriptyline
Benzodiazepines are commonly given in the form of clonazepam, lorazepam, & diazepam. They act by suppressing the vestibular responses & reflexes arising from the central nervous system. These medicines help patients get back their balance for a short while during an acute attack, but should be stopped immediately after their course is over. Using them for a longer time risks comprising the patient’s memory, balance, & other central nervous system reflexes & mechanisms. They also carry a risk of addiction & severe withdrawal syndrome, hence their use should be done with proper caution & risk-benefit analysis.
Betahistine is a histamine analogue. It is a weak H1 receptor agonist & a strong H3 receptor antagonist. It is usually available in two forms; betahistine hydrochloride, & betahistine mesilate. Betahistine is generally used for the treatment of Meniere’s Disease. It is believed to work by increasing the blood supply to the inner ear & help in its compensatory process. It is effective when given in high doses to patients with Meniere’s Disease. However, this medicine should be avoided in patients also suffering from bronchial asthma & gastric ulcers, as the salt can actually make their symptoms worse.
Meclizine is a medicine that falls under the category of anti-histamines. It is extremely effective in giving relief to patients during an acute vertigo attack. It is also the only vertigo medication that is not contraindicated in pregnant & lactating women. Meclizine is also used in the treatment & immediate relief of seasickness & motion sickness. Just like other antihistamine medications, Meclizine can cause drowsiness & dry mouth as potential side effects.
Stugeron Forte Tablet:
Stugeron Forte tablet is also another medication that belongs to the antihistamine category. It is used in the treatment of motion sickness, dizziness, & Meniere’s Disease. Like all the other dizziness medications in this list, the Stugeron Forte tablet should also be used for short term, only in the acute phase of the illness. Like all the other antihistamines, it can cause drowsiness, dry mouth, & sleepiness.
People with gastric & peptic ulcers, asthma, low blood pressure, & other circulatory issues should consult with their doctor before taking this dizziness medication. Pregnant & lactating women should also consult their doctor before taking the Stugeron Forte tablet.
Cinnarizine is an antihistamine & is also a calcium channel blocker. It helps improve dizziness & other vertigo symptoms by reducing the sensory mismatch inside the inner ear, improving blood circulation to the inner ear, & preventing blood vessels in the inner ear area from constricting. Like all the other dizziness medications, Cinnarizine is also very effective in reducing the impact of dizziness & other vertigo symptoms during an acute attack. It also helps improve nausea & vomiting by suppressing the vomiting centre in the brain. It is also helpful in cases of motion sickness. Just like all the other vertigo medications, it should not be prescribed in the long term to avoid early-onset parkinsonism, as well as other central nervous system disorders.
Dimenhydrinate is an over-the-counter antihistamine. It is helpful in controlling vertigo-induced nausea and vomiting, along with dizziness spells. Like all other vertigo & dizziness medications, Dimenhydrinate is also supposed to be used only in the short term, during an acute attack. Dimenhydrinate can cause drowsiness & sleepiness, so it’s best to avoid any activities like driving, hiking, etc. immediately after taking it. Dimenhydrinate should be avoided in patients with glaucoma & urinary issues.